What is the effect of current density on the plating quality of nickel sulfamate plating process?

What is the effect of current density on the plating quality of nickel sulfamate plating process?

Tue Mar 19 08:16:51 CST 2024

The effect of current density on the quality of plating in the nickel sulfamate plating process is significant. Current density, the amount of electricity flowing through a unit area (usually expressed in amperes per square decimeter (A/dm²)), is a key operating parameter in the plating process. The following are a few ways in which current density affects the quality of coatings in the nickel sulfamate plating process:

1. Brightness and appearance of the plated layer: The adsorption and desorption behavior of plating additives on the cathode surface changes at different current densities, thus affecting the appearance and brightness of the plated layer. Too high a current density may result in a rough feel to the plated layer, while the appropriate current density helps to obtain a smooth, uniformly bright surface.

2. Grain size of the coating: Lower current densities tend to form larger grains at slower deposition rates, while higher current densities increase the frequency of nucleation, resulting in finer grains in the coating.

3. Stresses within the plating: Residual stresses within the plating layer of a nickel sulfamate plating process can be directly influenced by the current density. Typically, lower current densities result in lower internal stresses, which is beneficial in obtaining a flatter coating. Excessive current densities may result in cracking or wrinkling of the plated layer.

4. Organization of the coating: As the current density increases, the organization of the coating may be affected, e.g. by the transition from columnar to equiaxed crystals, which also affects the mechanical and chemical properties of the coating.

5. Uniformity of the coating: If the current density is too high, this may lead to "burnt edges", especially at bumps or sharp corners of the workpiece. At lower current densities, the distribution of the layer may be more uniform.

The electroplating process, in order to achieve the right quality of plating, usually requires a controlled current density with simultaneous optimization of other operating parameters (e.g. electrolyte concentration, temperature, agitation, etc.) as well as the use of Bigely nickel sulfamate additives. The selection of the current density also needs to take into account the specific shape and size of the workpiece, as these factors influence the distribution of the current on the surface of the workpiece.

If you are interested in nickel sulfamate additives, please feel free to contact us!